General Science And Ability

General Science
General Science And Ability

Part-I (General Science) in 60 Marks 

I. Physical Sciences  

Constituents and Structure:-Universe, Galaxy, Light Year, Solar System, Sun,  Earth, Astronomical System of Units. 

Process of Nature: – Solar and Lunar Eclipses, Rotation and Revolution, Weather  Variables (Global Temperature, Pressure, Circulation, Precipitation, Humidity) and  Weather Variations. 

Natural Hazards and Disasters: – Earth Quake, Volcanic Eruption, Tsunami,  Floods, Avalanche, Travelling Cyclone (Tropical Cyclone, Middle Latitude Cyclone  and Tornadoes), Drought, Wildfire, Urban Fire. Disaster Risk Management.  

Energy Resources: – Sources of Energy (Renewable i.e. LED Energy, Solar  Energy, Wind Energy and Non-Renewable Energy conservation and its sustainable  use. 

Atomic Structure, Chemical Bonding, Electromagnetic Radiations.

Modern Materials/Chemicals: – Ceramics, Plastics, Semiconductors. Antibiotics,  Vaccines, Fertilizers, Pesticides. 

II. Biological Sciences  

The Basis of Life: – Cell Structures and Functions (Subcellular Organelles such as  Nucleus, Mitochondria and Ribosomes). 

Biomolecules: – Proteins, Lipids, Carbohydrates and Enzymes. 

Plant and Animal Kingdom: – A brief survey of plant and animal kingdom to  pinpoint similarities and diversities in nature. 

A Brief Account of Human Physiology

Common Diseases and Epidemics: – Polio, Diarrhea, Malaria, Hepatitis, Dengue  their Causes and Prevention. 

New Model Concept of Producing BIO Fuel Method 

III. Environmental Science  

Environment: – The Atmosphere (Layered Structure and Composition), Hydrosphere  (Water Cycle, Major Water Compartments), Biosphere (Major Biomes) and  Lithosphere (Minerals and Rocks, Rock Types, Plate Tectonics). 

Atmospheric Pollution: – Types, Sources, Causes and effects of major air  pollutants (COx, Particulate Matter, NOx, SOx, Tropospheric Ozone, Volatile Organic  Compounds, Dioxins). Regional and Global air pollution issues (Acid-rain, Ozone  Depletion, Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming). International agreements on air  pollution control (Montreal Protocol and Kyoto Protocol). 

Water Pollution:- Types, sources, causes and effects of major water pollutants  (Synthetic Organic Chemicals, Oxygen Demanding Wastes, Plant Nutrients, Thermal  Pollution, Infectious Agents, Sediments, Radioactivity, Heavy Metals and Acids).  Drinking water quality and standards. 

Land Pollution: – Solid waste management and disposal.

Role of Remote Sensing and GIS in Environmental Science. 

Population Planning.  

IV. Food Science in General Science And Ability

Concept of Balance Diet: – Vitamins, Carbohydrates, Protein, Fats and oil,  Minerals, Fiber. 

Quality of Food:- Bioavailability of Nutrients, Appearance, Texture, Flavor, Quality  of Packed and Frozen Food, Food Additives, Preservatives and Antioxidants 

Food Deterioration and its Control: – Causes of Food Deterioration, Adulteration,  Food Preservation. 

V. Information Technology  

Computer (Hardware & Software Fundamentals); I/O Processing and data  storage, Networking & Internet Standards, Application and business Software, Social  Media Websites. Information Systems. Fundamentals of artificial intelligence. 

Telecommunications: – Basics of Wireless Communication (Mobile, Satellite,  Surveillance and GPS and Fiber Optic etc. 

General Science And Ability

General Science And Ability

Part-II General Science And Ability

(General Ability) 40 Marks 

VI. Quantitative Ability/Reasoning 

Basic Mathematical Skills. 

Concepts and ability to reasons quantitatively and solve problems in a  quantitative setting.  

Basic Arithmetic, Algebra and Geometry (Average, Ratios, Rates, Percentage,  Angles, Triangles, Sets, Remainders, Equations, Symbols, Rounding of Numbers 

Random Sampling  

VII. Logical Reasoning and Analytical Reasoning/Ability 

Logical Reasoning includes the process of using a rational, systematic series of  steps based on sound mathematical procedures and given statements to arrive at a  conclusion 

Analytical Reasoning/Ability includes visualizing, articulating and solving both  complex and uncomplicated problems and concepts and making decisions that are  sensible based on available information, including demonstration of the ability to  apply logical thinking to gathering and analyzing information. 

VIII. Mental Abilities 

Mental Abilities Scales that measures specific constructs such as verbal,  mechanical, numerical and social ability.

Suggested Reading For General Science And Ability

S. No. Title Authors
1. Asimov’s New Guide to Science 1993 Isaac Asimov
2. Science Restated: Physics and Chemistry for  the Non-Scientist 1970Harold Gomes Cassidy
3. Eminent Muslim Scientists 1991 S. Fakhre Alam Naqvi
4. Exploring Life Science 1975 Walter A. Thurber, Robert  E. Kilburn, Peter S. Howell
5. Exploring Physical Science 1977 Walter A. Thurber, Robert  E. Kilburn, Peter S. Howell
6. Principles of Animal Biology 2011 Lancelot Hogben
7. The Impact of Science on Society 2005 Isaac Asimov, A. S. a. N.  A. S. a.
8. Fundamentals of Forensic Science 2010 Max M. Houck, Jay A.  Siegal
9. Forensic Science Fundamentals &  Investigation 2008Anthony J. Bertino
10. Physical Geography 2013 Harm J. de Blij, Peter O.  Muller, James E. Burt,  Joseph A. Mason
11. Physical Geography-Science and Systems of  the Human Environment 2009Alan H. Strahler, Arthur N.  Strallar.
12. Introduction to Information Technology 2005 I. T. L. Education Solutions  Limited, Itl. 
13. Management Information Systems 2014 Ken Sousa, Effy Oz
14. Fundamentals of Telecommunications 2005 Roger L. Freeman
15. Basics of Environmental Science 2002 Michael Allaby
16. Food Science 1998 in General Science And AbilityNorman N. Potter, Joseph  H. Hotchkiss
17. Environmental Science: Systems and  Solutions. 5th ed. 2013Michael L. McKinney,  Robert Schoch and Logan  Yonavjak
18. Environmental Science: A Global Concern  2012William P. Cunningham,  Barbara Woodworth Saigo
Books for Logical Reasoning
19. Logical Reasoning Rob P. Nederpelt, Farouz  D. Kamareddine
20. Elements of Logical Reasoning Jan Von Plato
21. Reasoning Builder for Admission and  Standardized TestStaff of Research  Education
22. Test of Reasoning Thorpe
23. Mental Ability Dr. Lal & Jain
24. The Brain Book: Know Your Own Mind and  How to Use itEdgar Thorpe
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