Islamic History And Culture

Part –I (Marks 50)
I. Pre-Islamic Near East: An Overview
 Political, Social, Cultural, Religious and Economic Conditions in the Near East
including Arabia before the dawn of Islam
II. The Dawn of Islam: The Prophetic Age (570-632)
 Biography of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH): A Chronology of the Major
Events in his Life
 Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as a Motivator (Daa’i), Major points of his mission
 Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as a Military Leader/Strategist
 Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as a Political Leader/Head of the State
III. The Pious Caliphate (632-660)
 Caliph Abu Bakr (632-34): Apostasy Wars and Consolidation of Islam
 Caliph Umar b.Khattab (634-44): Establishment of Administrative System and
Expansion of Muslim Empire
 Caliph Uthman b.Affan (644-56): Problems and Issues in the Muslim Community
 Caliph Ali b.Talib (656-660): Rise of Factionalism
 Abdication of Imam Hasan and Establishment of Umayyad Dynasty (660)
IV. Political System of Islam under the Prophet (PBUH) and the Pious Caliphate
 Nature of Islamic State
 Form of the Government
 Functions of the Islamic State
 Sovereignty of God
 Caliphate or Vicegerency of Man
 Appointment of Caliph
 Shura or the Consultative Body and its Role
V. Institutional Development of the Muslim Civilization:The Early Phase (622-660)
 Development of Law and Judiciary in Early Islam
 Administration and State Conduct
 Defense in Early Islam
 Educational System
 Propagation of Islam
 Financial Administration
 Heritage and Culture
VI. The Umayyads in Power (660-749)
 Political History of the Umayyad Dynasty
 Statecraft and Administration under the Umayyads
 Society and the Development of Arabic Literature.
 Cultural Achievements
Part –II (Marks 50)
I. The Abbasids of Baghdad (749-1258)
 The Abbasid Revolution and the Establishment of the Abbasid Dynasty
 Administrative Structure under the Abbasids
 Development of Scientific Knowledge under the Abbasids
 Muslim Philosophy under the Abbasids
 Cultural Achievements
II. Spain under the Muslim Rule
 Spain under the rule of the Arabs and Moors (711-1492)
 Political Fragmentation and the Fall of Granada (1492)
 Muslim Contribution in the Realm of Culture, Arts and Architecture
III. The Crusades against Islam
 Major Encounters and Actors (1092-1228)
 Impact of the Crusades on Muslim-Christian Relations
IV. The Ottoman Empire
 Rise and Fall of the Ottoman Turks (1299-1923)
 State, Society and Economy under the Ottomans
 Treatment with the Religious Minorities
 Contribution towards Culture, Arts and Architecture
V. Sufism as an Institution of the Muslim Society
 Origin and Development of Sufism
 Contribution of the Sufis to the Muslim Civilization
 Relationship of the Sufis with the State and Political Authorities.
 A Critical View of Sufism
VI. Islam and Modernity in Contemporary World
 The Emergence of Islamic Modernism
 Intellectual, Political, Economic, Social and Educational Aspects of Islamic
 Dissemination of Muslim Learning in the West


1.Discovering Islam—Making Sense of Muslim History
and Society
Ahmad, Akbar
2.Islam: Ideology and Leading IssuesAli, Anwar.
3.The Spirit of IslamAli, S. Ameer
4.Aspects of Islamic Civilization: As Depicted in the
Original Texts
Arberry, A. J.
5.The Preaching of Islam—A History of the Propagation
of the Muslim Faith
6.The History of Philosophy in IslamDe Boer,T. J.
7.The History of Islamic PeoplesBrockelmann, Carl
8.Spanish IslamDozy,R.
9.Studies on the Civilization of IslamGibb,Hamilton A.R.
10.The Religion of Islam, Vol. I & IIGaqwash,Ahmad A.
11.Classical Islam:A History 600—1258Von Grunebaum, G.E
12.The Cambridge History of IslamHolts, P. M., Lewis,
Bernard, Ann KS
13.Islam Resurgent: The Islamic World TodayIrving,T.B.
14.Islam: From the Prophet Mohammad to the Capture of
Lewis, Bernard
15.Islam in History.Munir, Muhammad
16.Islam and The Modern WorldNadvi, Abu Hasan Ali.
17.The Making of the Past: the Spread of IslamRogers, Michael
18.A History of Medieval IslamSaunders, J.J.
19.Introduction to Islamic CivilizationSavory, R.M. (ed)
20.The Legacy of IslamSchacht, Joseph&
Bosworth, C.E (eds)
21.Islamic History—A New Interpretation AD 750—1055Shaban, M.A.
22.The Abbasid RevolutionShaban, M.A.
23.A History of Muslim PhilosophySharif, M.M.
24.Muslim Thought :Its Origin and AchievementsNadvi Muhammad
25.Studies in Islamic HistorySiddiqi, Amir Hasan.
26.The Revolution which Toppled the Umayyads’: Neither
Arab nor Abbasid
Agha, Saleh Said
27.Sirat un Nabi Vol. I & IINomani, Shibli
28.Rasol-e-Akram ki Siasi ZindagiHamidullah, Dr.
29.Khilafat-o-MalokiatSyed Abul Aala
30.Ahd-e-Nabawi main Riyasat ka Nash o IrtaqaAhmad Nisar
31.Siddiq-e-AkbarAkbarabadi, Saeed
32.Al-FarooqNomani, Shibli
33.History of IslamNajeebabadi, Akbar
34.Painting in IslamArnold, Thomas.
35.Early Islamic PotteryLane, Arthur
36.Muslim CalligraphyZiauddin, M.
37.Islamic Art & ArchitectureKuhnel, E.
38.Daira Ma’arif e Islamia (relevant articles)University of Punjab
39.The Cultural Atlas of IslamIsma’il Raji al-Faruqi &
Lois Lamya’ al-Faruqi
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