### Physics PAPER—I (Marks-100)

I. Mechanics

Vectors: Dots, Cross and triple products, Gradient, divergence, curl and

applications.

Newtonian laws of motion: calculus based approach to kinematics, forces and

dynamics, conservation law of energy; conservation of linear and angular

momentum; Dynamics of rigid body; spin and precession; gyroscope;

Gravitation; planetary motion and satellites; Kepler’s laws; centripetal forces

Special theory of relativity: Michelson-Morley experiment and Einstein’s

postulates; Lorentz transformation; time dilation and length contraction;

equivalence of mass and energy.

II. Fluid Mechanics

Surface tension; Viscosity; Elasticity; fluid motion and Bernoulli’s theorem.

III. Waves and Oscillations, Optics

Free oscillation with one and two degrees of freedom; forced and damped

oscillations and phenomenon of resonance; Simple harmonic motion; Traveling

waves and transmission of energy; Phase and Group velocity; standing waves;

Basics of sound waves.

Reflection, Refraction, Interference, Diffraction and Polarization of waves; interferon

meter and Newton’s rings; Diffraction Gratings and their resolving power; Spectro

meters. Electromagnetic wave equation; normal and anomalous dispersion;

coherence, lasers and applications.

IV. Heat and Thermodynamics

Perfect gas, real gas and Van der Waals equation; Three Laws of

Thermodynamics; internal energy; temperature; entropy; Thermal properties of

simple systems; kinetic theory of gases; Maxwellian distribution of molecular

velocities; Brownian motion; Transport phenomena. Classical Maxwell-Boltzmann

Statistics and its application; Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac Statistics.

**Physics PAPER—II (Marks-100)**

I. Electricity and Magnetism

Electric field due to point charges; Gauss’ law; Electric potential; Poisson and

Laplace’s equations; Dielectric medium and Polarization; Capacitance;

Moving charges and resulting magnetic field; Ampere’s law; Magnetic

properties of matter; Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction; Alternating

current and RLC circuit; Poynting theorem and Poynting Vector. Maxwell’s

equations in integral and differential form; scalar and vector potential.

II. Modern and Quantum Physics

Waves and particles and De Broglie’s Hypothesis; Operators and quantum state

observables; time dependent and independent Schrodinger equation; angel

momentum; spin-1/2 particle in a magnetic field; wave mechanics; particle in

box; tunnelling; one-dimensional harmonic oscillator; Heisenberg’s uncertain

relationship and indeterminacy based on commutation properties of operator

Bohr’s theory and quantum numbers including electron spin; Pauli’s exclusion

principle; Spectra of simple systems with one or two valence electron

photo electric effect; Compton scattering; pair production; Land’s g fact

and Zeeman effect. Raman effect;

III. Solid State Physics

Crystal lattice and structure, Bravais lattice, free electron model, Band theory an

electron in a periodic potential, Fermi energy and density of states, n and p typ

semiconductors, physics of the transistor and MOSFET, dielectric propertie

magnetic properties and origin of magnetism.

IV. Nuclear Physics

Structure of Nuclei; Radioactivity,, and decay; Methods of detection

nuclear radiation, Mass Sepectrometer; Accelerators; Phenomenon

fission; reactor and nuclear power; nuclear fusion and its applications; Elementa

particles and their properties.

**SUGGESTED READINGS**

S. No. | Title | Author |

1 | Perspectives of Modern Physics. | A. Beiser. |

2 | Fundamentals of Physics. | Halliday & Resnick |

3 | Introduction to Electromagnetic Fields and Waves. | D. Corson & P. Lorrain. |

4 | Heat and Thermodynamics. | D. Zemansky |

5 | Introduction to Quantum Mechanics | D. Griffiths |

6 | Modern Physics | Serway, Moses, Moyer. |

7. | Solid State Physics | C. Kittel |